EEA Registration Certificate
EEA Registration Certificate is a formal document confirming the right of an
EEA national to legally reside in the United Kingdom under the terms of the EEA
treaty. This means that the individual in question must be officially
classified as working, self-sufficient; self-employed, a jobseeker or a student
with full health insurance. While it is not a legal requirement for an EEA
national to obtain an EEA Registration Certificate, it is a useful document
confirming their entitlement to live and work in the United Kingdom.
there be any instance where the individual in question is required to provide
evidence of their legal status in the UK, an EEA Registration Certificate can
save a great deal of time and effort. Applications for EEA Registration
Certificates are submitted directly to the Home Office using the application
form EEA (QP), which replaced the prior form EEA1.
members and extended family members of EEA nationals legally residing in the
United Kingdom may also wish to consider applying for a Registration
Certificate. Though optional, it can be a useful document to have. For example, should the individual in
question need to gain access to public services or claim benefits, a formal
Registration Certificate makes it easier for them to confirm their eligibility.
Immigration (EEA) Regulations 2006 applies and interprets the UK’s obligations
under the Free Movement of Persons Directive 2004/38/EC into domestic law. These regulations extent the right most
commonly referred to as ‘free movement’ to EEA and Swiss nationals and
qualifying individuals. Although
Switzerland is not a member of the EEA, an agreement reached in 2002 extended
the right of free movement within the EU to Swiss nationals and their family
again, it is not a formal requirement for a ‘qualified person’ to obtain a
Registration Certificate. In order to be considered a qualified person, the
individual must be officially classified as working, self-sufficient;
self-employed, a jobseeker or a student with full health insurance. Workers and
self-employed individuals who are rendered temporarily unemployed due to
accident, injury or commencement of vocational training may also retain their
status as qualified individuals.
of Admission and Residence as an EEA National
regulation 11, any EEA national with a valid and accepted form of
identification is legally entitled to enter the United Kingdom with no specific
fees or requirements. In accordance with regulation 13 of the 2006 Immigration
(EEA) Regulation, they officially have the right to remain in the United
Kingdom for a maximum of three months. Should they wish to extend their stay
beyond this limited three-month period, they must be able to provide evidence
of their status as a qualified person.
in the European Economic Area (EEA)
European Economic Area currently comprises 28 countries, which came together to
form a single market and enable the free movement of people, goods, services
and capital. This single market also includes three European Free Trade
Association states – Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, which are formally
outside the EU yet part of the same integrated market.
Switzerland is not officially a member of the EEA, the country abides by any
agreement reached with the EU to capitalise on the trade and free movement
benefits of the union. Please refer to the European
Commission website and the Swiss Federal Administration website
for more information on Switzerland’s relationship with the EU/EEA.
the time of writing, the full list of countries within the European Economic
Area are as follows:
- Czech Republic
- Irish Republic
- United Kingdom
a British Territory, Gibraltar is also a member of the European Economic
Community and extends the same free trade and movement rights as the rest of
the EU. Once again, Switzerland is not a formal member of the EEA, yet its
citizens and their family members enjoy the same rights as other EEA nationals.
Your Treaty Rights
EEA Registration Certificate provides formal documentation and verification of
the respective individual’s status as a qualified person, in accordance with
their treaty rights. The individual may exercise their treaty rights in any of
the five primary categories:
- Self Employed
Treaty Rights as a Student
EEA national residing in the UK and studying at a recognised educational
training institution is classified as a qualified person as a student. In order
to qualify, the individual must be enrolled on an active course with a provider
that complies with the Immigration (EEA) Regulations 2006.
addition, the EEA national is required to provide evidence of their income and
financial status, in order to prove their capacity to cover their expenses for
the duration of their residency. This may be provided in the form of student
loan documentation, bank statements, scholarship information and so on. Comprehensive health insurance is also a
requirement for students seeking a qualified person status.
note that EEA nationals studying in the United Kingdom are usually required to
cover their living costs with no option to claim benefits. Right of residency
may be lost where a qualified person tends to claim public funds – successfully
you are exercising your treaty rights as a student in the United Kingdom, you
can submit an EEA Registration Certificate application.
Treaty Rights as a Worker
nationals who have secured formal employment (part-time or full-time) in the
United Kingdom are considered to be exercising their treaty rights as a worker.
They must have sufficient funds to support themselves and their dependants
financially, though resorting to benefit claims in some instances will not
necessarily result in revocation of residence rights.
are also instances where a qualified person exercising their treaty rights as a
worker will retain the qualified person status, despite facing a period of
temporary unemployment. According to regulation 6 (2) of the Immigration (EEA)
Regulations 2006, qualified person status is retained if:
- The worker is temporarily
unemployed due to an accident or illness
- Their employment is
terminated involuntarily and they have begun a vocational training programme
- They have voluntarily
quit their job to enrol on a vocational training course of relevance to their
you are exercising your treaty rights in the UK as a worker, you will have the
option of applying for an EEA Registration Certificate.
Treaty Rights as a Self-Employed Person
also possible to exercise your treaty rights as an EEA national as a
self-employed individual working in the UK. To successfully obtain qualified
person status, the self-employed individual must be registered for National
Insurance and income tax contributions with HMRC. They must also be able to
provide proof of income and their general business activities, typically in the
form of cleared invoices, business accounts, tax returns, bank statements,
letters from accountants and other formal documents.
to Regulation 6(3) of the Immigration (EEA) Regulations 2006, a self-employed
individual will retain their qualified person status if rendered temporarily
unable to work due to accident or illness. There are also circumstances where
benefits may be claimed as a self-employed individual, without affecting their
right to reside in the UK.
you exercise your treaty rights as a self-employed person in the UK, you will
have the option of applying for an EEA Registration Certificate.
Treaty Rights as a Self-Sufficient Person
EEA immigration legislation defines a self-sufficient person as an individual
who has the financial capacity to cover their own living expenses and those of
any dependent family members where applicable. In addition, the self-sufficient
individual must have comprehensive health insurance coverage for themselves and
their family members.
self-sufficient person who subsequently attempts to claim public funds
(successfully or otherwise) may immediately lose their residency rights. Self-sufficient
person status is only granted to those who are truly self-sufficient and
require no financial support by way of public funds.
EEA nationals may also qualify for self-sufficient person status, if able to
submit evidence of sufficient income and/or savings via pension payments and
other viable sources. Again, self-sufficient person status is granted upon the
condition that the individual will not claim benefits for any reason at any
rules for charity workers are similar, requiring that the EEA national can
provide evidence of sufficient income or financial resources to meet their
living expenses and those of any dependent family members. If the charity the
individual runs or works for covers their living costs, they may qualify as a
all of the above instances, the qualified individuals may choose to apply for
an EEA Registration Certificate, should they wish to do so.
Treaty Rights as a Jobseeker
may also enjoy the benefits of qualified person status in the UK, under the
condition that they are actively looking for a job and have a strong chance of
order to qualify, the EEA national must be formally registered as a jobseeker
in the UK and be able to provide evidence of employment for at least one year
before becoming unemployed. In addition, they should not have spent more than
six consecutive months unemployed. Along with evidence of an active and
intensive job search, the individual must be able to provide evidence of their
realistic chance of gaining employment.
who obtain qualified person status as jobseekers in the UK are strongly advised
to consider applying for an EEA Registration Certificate.
Residence Card Lawyers in Luton
there’s no legal requirement to apply for an EEA Registration Certificate, it
can be useful to formalise your legal status in the UK. Aristone Solicitors can
provide the expert support you need to streamline and simplify your EEA
Registration Certificate application from start to finish.
Whether ready to go
ahead or unsure of your eligibility for an EEA Registration Certificate, we’d
be delighted to hear from you. Contact one of our representatives today to
organise your obligation-free consultation.